2008/11/10

【合成語の探求】 I

inasmuch = 同じ程度で、考慮して、理由のために◆【用法】inasmuch as の形で使われる。
inasmuch as = ~だから、~なので、~のために ~の程度まで
income = 収入
inland = 内陸、内地、奥地
inlay = 象眼、象嵌◆溝などが彫られた主に金属の土台の上に通常異なる金属の素材をはめ込んでいく装飾技法。古代エジプトでは象牙を使った象眼細工が家具などに施されていた。日本には中国を経て奈良時代に伝わって仏具や武具の装飾に使われ、伝統工芸となっている。ヨーロッパではルネサンス期に盛んになり主に家具の装飾に使われた。
inlet = 入り江 注入口、吸気口
instep = 足の甲

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2008/11/04

【合成語の探求】 H

handgrip = 握り、ハンドル、取っ手
handgun = ピストル
handwork = 手仕事
headdress = 頭飾り、かぶりもの、髪の飾り方、ヘアスタイル
headland = 岬、突端、出鼻
headstone = 墓石
headway = 進歩、前進
hereafter = これから先、今後(は)
herewith = このようにして、これにより、この機会に、これとともに
horseback = 馬の背
horseplay = 大騒ぎ、ばか騒ぎ
hourglass = 砂時計
houseboat = ハウスボート、屋形船、宿泊設備付きヨット

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2008/10/30

【合成語の探求】 G

gasworks = ガス工場
goldfish = 金魚
goodlooking = 魅力的な、きれいな、格好いい
gunboat = 小型砲艦
gunmetal = ガンメタル、砲金(色)、暗灰色
gunpowder = 火薬

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【合成語の探求】 F

farmhouse = 農場内の家屋、農家
fatherland = 祖国、故国、父祖の地
fingerprint = 指紋
firearm = ピストルなどの小火器(firearms)、銃器、鉄砲
fireboat = 消防艇
firefly = ホタル、蛍
fireman = 消防士、機関士
fireplace = 暖炉、野外炉
fireworks = のろし、爆発物、花火大会、煙火、ひらめき、激発、活発な動き、興奮、才気あふれる表現、怒り、妙技
first-rate = 第1級の、一流の、最上の、素晴らしい、非常によく、素晴らしく
footlights = 〔ステージの前面下方にある〕フットライト、脚光
footman = 従僕、下男、召使い、下働き、下僕
footnote = 脚注、(話の)尾ひれ、補足説明
footprint = 足跡
footstep = 足跡、歩み、足音、階段、踏み段
footway = 歩道、小道

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【合成語の探求】 E

earring = イヤリング(通常複数形で用いる) (ear-ring)
earthwork = 土塁、防塁、土盛り、掘削
evergreen = 常緑、常緑樹

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【合成語の探求】 D

daylight = 日光、昼の光、夜明け、昼の明かり、昼光、採光、すき間
doorway = 戸口、出入り口
downfall = 失墜、転落、失脚、破たん、滅亡、降雨、大降り、大雪
drainpipe = ドレン管、排水管、下水管

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【合成語の探求】 C

cardboard = ボール紙、段ボール、厚紙、実質のないもの、生き生きとしていないもの
carefree = 気苦労のない、のんきな、のほほんとした、のんびりした、気ままな、気楽な
caretaker = 世話人、介護者、ヘルパー、管理人
clockwork = 時計仕掛け、ぜんまい仕掛け
commonsense = 常識的な、常識のある、良識のある
copyright = 著作権、版権
cupboard = 食器棚、戸棚
countryside = 田舎、地方、田園地方

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【合成語の探求】 B

backbone = 背骨、重要要素、基幹
backside = 背面、後方への
backwater = 逆流
backwoods = 辺境の、へき地、未開拓地
basketwork = かご細工
bird's-eye = 大所高所からの
birthrate = 出生率
birthright = 生まれながらの権利、生得権、相続権
blackout = 停電、一時的な意識喪失
bloodvessel = 血管
bookkeeper = 簿記係
bookrest = 書見台、書架
bookshelf = 本棚
bookworm = 本の虫、読書家
brushwood = 下生え、しば、そだ
buttercup = キンポウゲ
bygone = 過ぎ去ったこと、過去のこと、済んだことの

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【合成語の探求】 A

aftereffect = 後遺症
afterthought = 後知恵、補足
airman = パイロット
airtight = すきのない、空気を通さない、気密の、密閉した、水も漏らさぬ、完ぺきな
armhole = 袖ぐり
artwork. = 手工芸品、芸術作品

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【合成語の探求】先は長い……

●Basic English Institute(http://ogden.basic-english.org/wordacom.html )では積極的に合成語の蒐集をしています。

以下の通り。

aftereffect, afterthought, aircushion, airman airplane, airport, airtight, another, anybody, anyhow, anyone, anything, anyplace, anytime, anyway, anywhere, armhole, artwork., backbone, backside, backspace, backwater, backwoods, bagpipes, basketwork, bathroom, become, bedroom, beeswax, bird's-eye, birthday, birthrate, birthright, blackberry, blackbird, blackboard, blacklead, blackout, bloodvessel, blood-vessel, bluebell, bookkeeper, bookmark, bookrest, bookshelf, bookworm, brakeman, breath-taking, brickwork brother-in-law, brushwood, businessman, buttercup, buttermilk, buttonhole, button-hook, bygone, cardboard, carefree, caretaker, clockwork, commonsense, copyright, cupboard, countryside, daylight, doorway, downfall, download, drainpipe, earring, ear-ring, earthwork, evergreen, everybody, everyday, everyone, everything, everywhere, eyeball, farmhouse, father-in-law, fatherland, fingerprint, firearm, fireboat, fire-engine, firefly, fireman, fireplace, fireworks, first-rate, football, footlights, footman, footnote, footprint, footstep, footway, gasworks, goldfish, goodlooking, good-morning, goodnight, gunboat, gun-carriage, gunmetal, gunpowder, haircut, handbook, handgrip, handgun, handwork, handwriting, headdress, headland, headstone, headway, hereafter, herewith, herself, highlands, highway, himself, horseback, horseplay, horsepower, hourglass, houseboat, housekeeper, however, inasmuch, income, indoors, inland, inlay, inlet, input, inside, instep, into, itself, keyboard, keyhole, keystone, keyword, landmark, landowner, landslip, lighthouse, looking-glass, lookout, manhole, milkman, month-end, moonlight, mother-in-law, myself, needlework, newborn, newcomer, network, newspaper, nobody, notebook, nothing, nowhere, offspring, oncoming, oneself, ONLINE, onlooker, onto, ourself, outbuilding, outburst, outcome, outcry, outdoor, outgoing, outhouse, outlaw, outlet, outline, outlook, output, outside, outskirts, outstretched, overacting, overall overbalancing, overbearing, overcoat, overcome, overdo, overdressed, overdrink, overfull overhanging, overhead, overhear, overheat, overland, overleaf, overload, overlook, overseas, oversee, overseer, overshoe, overstatement, overstretched,overtake, overtaxed, overtime overturned, overuse, overvalued, overweight, overworking, paperback, paperwork, peacekeeper, pincushion, plaything , policeman, postman, postmark, postoffice, railroad, railway, roadway, runaway, sailboat, sailcloth, sailmaker, schoolhouse, schoolroom, seaman, secondhand, shoemaker, shorthand, shutdown, sideboard, sidewalk, sister-in-law, somebody, someday, somehow, someone, something, sometime, somewhat, somewhere, son-in-law, starfish, starlight, starship, startup, stea,boat, steamship, stonework, storemouse, straightforward, suchlike, sunburn, sunbrown, sunlight, sunshade, sweetheart, themselves, throughway, today, tonight, tradesman, underclothes, undercooked, underdone, undergo, undergrowth, inderhand, undermined, undersigned, undersized, understatement, undertake, undervalued, update, upkeep, uplift, upload, upon, upright, uptake, username, viewpoint, warship, waterfall, waterway, website, weekend, well-being, well-off, whatever, whenever, whereas, whereby, wherever, whichever, whitewash, whoever, windpipe, within, without, woodwork, workhouse, workman, workplace, workstation, wrongdoing, X-ray, yearbook, year-end, yearlong, year-long, yourself., zookeeper.

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